- Accession Number
- Donor Name
- Donald Parman
- Jon Ille
- Access Restrictions on Use
- Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
- All publication rights are held by Little Big Horn College and use for publication must be approved by archivist.
- Preferred Citation of Materials
- Donald L. Parman Collection, Little Big Horn College Archives, Crow Agency, Montana.
- Linear Feet
- Comprehensive Dates
- Materials Included
- Research materials for book chapter in Essays in Honor of W. Eugene Hollon (1980) titled “A White Man’s Fight: The Crow Scandal, 1906-1913.”
- Organization of Material
- The collection includes correspondence from the Indian Rights Association (1906-1913), The Office of Indian Affairs, and Helen Grey, along with reservation lease records from 1905.
Biographical and Historical Note
Donald Parman is Professor Emeritus at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana. His area of expertise is twentieth century Native American affairs and is the author of several books including Navajos and the New Deal (1976) and Indians and the American West in the Twentieth Century (1994).
The records included in the Donald L. Parman Collection were created and assembled as a result of research for “A White Man’s Fight: The Crow Scandal 1906-1913” in Essays in Honor of W. Eugene Hollon published in 1980. Dr. Parman collected these records from his research at the National Archives and from the microfilm collection of the Indian Rights Association during the 1970s. Professor Parman brought a class to the Crow Reservation in the 1980s, which led to his contributing his papers related to Crow Scandal to the Little Big Horn College Archives.
Scope and Content
The Donald L. Parman Collection consists of research related to the Crow Scandal from 1906-1913. During the scandal, many Crows accused Agent Samuel Reynolds of favoritism and collusion with sheep and cattle interests in leasing land for below market value and running more stock than the range allowed. Helen Pierce Grey arrived on the Crow Reservation in 1906 and immediately took up the cause of Crows who opposed Agent Reynolds. Pierce’s actions created a great deal of tension among the Crow political factions, The Crow Indian Lodge and The Elks Lodge, which generated interest with the so called “Friends of the Indian” such as the Indian Rights Association (IRA).
The collection primarily includes correspondence from the Indian Rights Association as the organization attempted to ameliorate the wrongs committed against the Crow. Included within the IRA correspondence are documents related to the Crow Scandal from the Office of Indian Affairs that include Reports of Inspection and congressional testimony by major participants in the events on the reservation. The OIA wrote these letters and compiled the testimony from 1908-1912.
Series one includes IRA correspondence, letters written by Helen Grey and the Office of Indian Affairs, and newspaper articles related to the Crow Scandal of 1906-1913. The series also includes reports inspectors wrote regarding conditions on the Crow reservation and conflict within the Crow community. Finally, the series includes a copy of Donald Parman’s chapter titled “A White Man’s Fight: The Crow Scandal, 1906-1913.” Series one is divided into three one-third linear foot boxes and twenty files.
- Crow Scandal (1905-1906), Leases (1905)
- Helen Grey Letters (1906)
- Miscellaneous Crow Material (1905-1912), Notes
- Office of Indian Affairs Correspondence (1907)
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, October, 1907
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, November, 1907
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, December, 1907
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, January, 1908
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, April-December, 1908
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, February-March, 1908
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, January-June, 1909
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, July-December, 1909
Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, January-March, 1910
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, April-December, 1910
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, 1911
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, January-June, 1912
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, July-August, 1912
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, September-December, 1912
- Correspondence - Indian Rights Association, January 1913, Inspection Reports
- Copy of “A White Man’s Fight: The Crow Scandal 1906-1913”
Significant Personal and Organizational Entries
Individuals listed below wrote, received, or were mentioned in the correspondence in the collection. Names are listed on the front of each file signifying their inclusion within a given folder.
- Samuel Hardin
- Helen Grey
- Crow Indian Lodge
- Elks Lodge
- Indian Rights Association
- Joe Cooper
- Samuel Reynolds
- Samuel Brosius
- James Burgess
- Edward S. Curtis
- Matthew K. Sniffen
- James Rudolph Garfield
- Lewis Dalby
- Charles Bair
- Henry Teller
- Frances Leupp
- Plenty Coups
- Two Leggins
- S. D. Miller
- Moses Clapp
- G. L. Mills
- Robert Valentine
- Frank Throssell
- Russell White Bear
- E. P. Holcombe
- Old Horn
- Big Medicine
- Lucy Old Horn
- W. W. Scott
- Charles Kappler