Primary links

Joseph Medicine Crow Collection Inventory

Production of this inventory was funded in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Items shown in grey are temporarily unavailable.

Donor Name
Joseph Medicine Crow
P.O. Box 253, Lodge Grass, Montana 59050
Accession Number
Processing Start
Magdalene Medicine Horse
Collection Title
Joseph Medicine Crow Collection
Access/Restrictions On Use
None, open to public use. Donor will have access to the collection and may receive free copies of any materials at expense of Archives.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
Photocopying permitted with approval of archivist. All publication rights are held by Joseph Medicine Crow. Use for publication must be approved by donor.
Preferred Citation of Materials
Joseph Medicine Crow Collection, Little Big Horn College Archives

Physical Description

Linear feet
Comprehensive Dates
1880 - 1987
Materials Included
32 boxes of manuscript material, printed material, photographs, slides, books, and paintings (3)
Organization of Materials
The collection consists of original manuscript materials (i.e. Joe Medicine Crow notes), pamphlets and other published materials, studies, calendars, and maps. Photographs are housed separately from the major collection. Other types of materials include newspaper clippings, correspondence, and cards. There are 22 series, listed as follows:
  1. Documents by Individuals and Organizations
  2. Tribal Council
  3. Various Papers, Articles on Indians in General
  4. Speeches, Papers, and Other Writings of Joe Medicine Crow
  5. Crow History
  6. Crow Culture
  7. Wyoming Archaeology
  8. Custer-Sitting Bull Re-enactment
  9. University of Southern California Class Notes
  10. Archaeology
  11. Books
  12. Bradley’s “After the Buffalo Days"
  13. Pamphlets
  14. Photographs
  15. Audio Tapes
  16. Bilingual Materials
  17. Appraisal Papers
  18. Archaeological Reports
  19. Coal Studies
  20. Big Horn Canyon National Recreation Area
  21. Calendars
  22. All American Indian Days

Biographical/Historical Note

Joseph Medicine Crow was born on October 27, 1913. Beginning in 1929, he attended Bacone College in Oklahoma for his education from eighth grade through the first two years of college, receiving his Associate of Arts degree in 1936. He then enrolled that fall at Linfield College in McMinnville, Oregon, and eventually received his B.S. degree in Sociology and Psychology in 1938, becoming the first Crow male to attain a college degree. He went directly to the University of Southern California where he obtained his master’s degree in Anthropology in 1939, this time becoming the first Crow Indian to earn a master’s degree. His master’s thesis was entitled “The Effects of European Culture Contacts Upon The Economic, Social, and Religious Life of the Crow Indians,” He had completed all coursework toward the doctorate at USC by June of 1941 when he took a teaching position at the Chemawa Indian School in Oregon for about a year. In the latter half of 1942, Joe worked in the naval ship yards in Bremerton, Washington before enlisting in the army.

From 1943 to 1946, Joe served in the armed forces. During World War II, he achieved the four traditional military deeds necessary to attain chieftaincy, including the capture of 50 German horses from SS officers on one occasion.

When he returned home from the war, Joe worked for the Crow Tribe for about three or four years and then took a position in the agency Reality Office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs where he worked until his retirement in 1982. During many of his years in the Reality Office, Joe was a Real Property Appraiser.

Joe has served almost continuously as a board member or board officer (including executive director) of the Crow Central Education Commission and of Little Big Horn College since the inception of the Commission in 1972. He currently teaches part time in the Department of Crow Studies at Little Big Horn College. He has also worked with the Museum of the Plains Indian in Browning, Montana and has done 35 years of lecture work in high schools, colleges, and civic organizations.

Joe has had several publications such as the introductions to the reprint edition of “Memoirs of a White Crow Indian” and to the first edition of “Keep the Last Bullet for Yourself” (on the Battle of the Little Big Horn), the “Handbook of Crow Indian Laws and Treaties,” articles in journals such as Plains Anthropologist, and a brief biography of his grandfather, (chief) “Medicine Crow”. He also done historical writing for the First Crow Indian Baptist Church at Lodge Grass, Montana, of which had has been a member since his youth.

He is a member of the Crow Historical and Cultural Commission, a founding member of the Custer Battlefield Historical and Museum Association, and an advisory board member of the Plains Indian Museum of the Buffalo Bill Historical Center in Cody, Wyoming. For many years, he was a board member and master of ceremonies of the All American Indian Days Pageant in Sheridan, Wyoming.

Joe is currently collaborating with Herman Viola and George Horse Capture who are writing his forthcoming biography.


Joe Medicine Crow has collected historical materials since 1932. He gave his collection to Little Big Horn College on June 1, 1987. His interest in collecting information on the Crow tribe began at an early age. He became interested in history after listening to old Crow men and women tell their stories, particularly of war. He recalls interviewing/listening to the stories of about 100 different “old timers” over the years.

Joe has collected information for himself as well as the Tribe. He was declared tribal historian by the tribal council in 1947. His work in anthropology gave him additional incentive to preserve Crow culture and history as well as the oral tradition of storytelling.

Joe has published some of the information that he has collected. He housed his material in his home and garage for many years. His papers consist of both published and unpublished materials. He still continues his anthropological work as well as his work in education and as Crow tribal historian. In addition, he continues to work as he has for forty years with various outside researchers, scholars, and companies including doing archaeological survey work on the reservation.

Scope and Content Note

The collection represents a variety of historical and cultural materials and information including the stories of Crow tribal elders, material on tribal politics. Joe’s own publications and speeches, his interview and college class notes, some photographs, his Big Horn Canyon National Recreation Area research, publications and studies/research by non-tribal members, and material on the Crow tribe as a whole. There are also many documents he collected when he was an active member of the All American Indian Days pageant when it was held in Sheridan, Wyoming. The bulk of the collection covers the years 1880 to 1987, but it also includes material on subjects dating back to the origin of the tribe.

The researcher should note that any of Mr. Medicine Crow’s own self-generated materials (i.e. speeches or notes) are denoted by an asterisk (*) in front of the folder title on the inventory. This serves to separate material he created from material he collected. Joe himself created the series arrangement by topic.

Series 1: Documents by Individuals and Organizations (Labelled Boxes 1, 2, and 3)

This series contains materials from various people and small organizations. The information consists of a variety of topics and items such as newspaper clippings on the Crow tribe, information on the Federal Indian policy of termination in the 1950s, and duplicates of materials from schools and museums. Also included is Native American Indian information in general, these written by other people given to Joe Medicine Crow, treaties that affect the Crow Tribe, and the Crow newspaper called the “Absaraka”.

Box 1: Folders

  1. Newspaper Clippings Crow Matters
  2. Bradley’s Working papers on his “After the Buffalo Days”
  3. Termination policy- Bureau of Indian Affairs staff
  4. The Square Deal at Crow: Reservation Responses to Federal Indian Policies 1890-1920 by Fred Hoxie
  5. Richards W. Edwards Jr. photographs of shield of Shot-in-the-Hand (see photograph box)
  6. Bond School/Family tree Joe Medicine Crow (Margery Pease) Centennial-1986
  7. Paul Dyck Museum
  8. Psychometry Experiments by D. Rickey and Starkel 1988
  9. University of Regina Papers on Crows, April 19, 1979
  10. Stuart W. Conner
  11. “The Squaw Dice Gambling Game” by Mary Neatherly
  12. “Crow Ways of Showing Respect,” Unit Plan Grade 6 Indian Studies
  13. “A History of the Economic Development of the Crow Tribe of Indians”
  14. Mike Crummet’s Crow Fair Project
  15. Cindy Schmidt’s Crow Fair Project
  16. Margaret E. Bedford- paintings from photographs
  17. St. Xavier-Pryor Road Section 91A-3
  18. Big Horn Cave Study
  19. Native American Religion
  20. Native American Religion, “The Medicine Man”
  21. Native American Studies Education materials
  22. Indian Education: Then and Now by Valerie Jackson, November 1978
  23. Native American Religion, “The Persistence of Values Among the Crow Indians of Montana”
  24. Traditional Indian Art proposal by Gary Johnson
  25. Land and Water Management Rights Workshop 11/17/81 Little Big Horn College
  26. The Day They All Spoke, 3/17/82, Dean Bear Claw
  27. Agricultural Land Policy and Practice Problems by Crow land and Livestock Association
  28. Crow Indian Education, Crow Tribal Report to Congress
  29. Crow Land Use Planning Workshop August 6, 7, 1985
  30. Reservation Development Program
  31. Chief of the Ravens, Poems by Paul Weaver
  32. John Ewers Symposium, 4/24-25/1980 Washington D.C., Smithsonian Institute
  33. 41st International Americanists Congress, Mexico City, 9/74
  34. Montana Bicentennial Commission
  35. Big Horn Canyon National Recreation Area
  36. Runyan’s “Land Use on Crow Reservation”
  37. St. Labre Mission
  38. Big Foot (etc.)
  39. Project-Histories of well known Crow Indian Race Horse
  40. Custer Battle Centennial Correspondence
  41. Tribal Library (and Museum) Project, 1972, Application
  42. Tribal Resolution, Application for Bicentennial Designation, Etc.
  43. Big Horn County Centennial
  44. Bicentennial- Crow minutes of meetings
  45. Custer Battlefield Historical and Museum Association, Inc.
  46. Big Horn County Historical Museum
  47. Fred H. Miller “The High Kicker”
  48. Big Horn Field Council
  49. Crow Celebrate and Rodeo 1979, and 1977; Photo, Military
  50. Crow Fair
  51. Lewis and Clark Trail Newsletter 2/2/74
  52. Bear Lodge (Devils Tower) Gunderson Project
  53. Handgame Crow/Cheyenne, Newspaper clippings 1974

Box 2: Folders

  1. Father P. Barcello, Society of Jesus, Helena, 1880-1884, Catholic Mission work on Crow Reservation
  2. Barcello Letters- 1880-1884 (copies)
  3. War Party Shelters- Vision Quest sites- Castle Rocks
  4. Fort Smith Medicine Wheel
  5. Indian Leadership- Walter Williams
  6. Pan-Indianism, Joan D. Laxson
  7. Conner’s Transcripts of taped interviews of several Crows
  8. The Petroglyphs of Ellison’s Rock, Archeology in Montana, Volume 25, numbers 2 and 3, May-December 1984
  9. Stu Conner’s interviews with Crow Informants
  10. Conical Timbered Lodge by Author Spanding Kidwell, Jr., Thesis, 1965
  11. Black Chief, Ponfilm screenplay by Harlan Green, Sept. 26, 1990
  12. Pioneer Missionaries on the Western Frontier 1858-1866
  13. Indian and Non-Indian Interaction, thesis, George E. Vlastos, 1969-70
  14. Indian and Non-Indian Interaction, thesis, Part I, 1964
  15. Indian and Non-Indian Interaction, thesis, Part II, 1964
  16. The Great Divide by the Earl of Dunraven
  17. Essay on Crow Religion by Rod Frey, University of Montana, July, 1974
  18. To Dance Together: Ethnography in Asaalooke (Crow) Culture-thesis, Rodney Frey,1979
  19. To Dance Together, thesis, copy 2
  20. Heidenreich’s Ledger Drawings
  21. Bob Taylor papers Big Horn Canyon National Recreation Area, 1973
  22. The Crow Indians Trip to Washington D.C., March 1880, by Adrian Heidenreich Photography of Crow Delegation
  23. Major F.D. Pease papers, 1959
  24. Tribe Into Nation: The Social and Political Transformation of the Crow Indians, by Fred Hoxie, November 23, 1983 (Project)
  25. Mrs. Flora Hatheway, manuscripts, 3/24/1972
  26. Judy McNally, Proposed Textbook about Indians
  27. Vinson Brown Material

Box 3: Folders

  1. The Crow People, Indian Tribal Series, 5/1/72
  2. The Land Is Our Mother Statewide Indian Land Use Policy Meeting, 11/14-15/1974, Crow Agency, Montana a summary
  3. A History of the Crow Indians Based on Written Sources, Book 1, 1971 (2 copies)
  4. Give My Smile To The Sun Poems, Crow Agency Public School
  5. Between the High Mountains and the Rainbows, Poems, Crow Agency Public School
  6. Apsaloka: Stories from the Little People (6 copies)
  7. Jack and his trip thru the Crow Reservation (2 copies)
  8. Jesuits in Montana, 1840-1960 (2 copies)
  9. American Indian Art Magazine, Winter 1980, Volume 6 Number 1 (Special Crow Issue); Correspondence from American Indian Art Magazine, Roanne P. Goldfein
  10. Robert L. Bennet, Consultant on American Indians, December 4, 1982
  11. Writing Contract Work Document, 1979
  12. Crow Indian Reservation, Montana (Brief History of the), 1968, complied by Ralph M. Shane
  13. Ann Merritt (thesis) 1985 The Chicago Robe: Crow Art and Culture
  14. Shell News 1980, Volume 48 Number 6
  15. Crow Office of Reclamation News; National Bilingual Education, Vol. 2
  16. The Crow Peltry Trade, Summer 1986, Montana Magazine of Western History
  17. Provisional Overall Economic Development Program: Crow Reservation Area, April 1962
  18. Natural History, Vol. XLIX. No. 5, May 1942
  19. The Hardin Irrigation Unit, March 1966 (circular 244)
  20. A Development Plan for Crow Agency, Montana, April 1, 1965
  21. Pictorial Highlights 1969 (Bureau of Indian Affairs)
  22. Crow Impact Study (question form), 1976, Crow Central Education Commission Impact Study
  23. Development Opportunities Crow Indian Reservation
  24. “The Spring Opening of Crow Rock Medicine Bundles” by Timothy McCleary
  25. Chapter II of Thesis, Karen Watembach, The History of the Catechesis of the Catholic Church on the Crow Reservation: The Boarding School Years
  26. Historical and Architectural Inventory of Lodge Grass by Powers Elevation, 2/28/1986
  27. Lodge Grass Historic Resource Survey October 1985-January 1986
  28. *As Driftwood Lodges, August 7, 1985
  29. Absaraka, Crow Tribal Treaty Centennial Issue 1968
  30. Absaraka 1970
  31. Absaraka 1969
  32. Absaraka 1968
  33. Crow Tribal Council 1987

Series 2: Tribal Council Folders

This collection contains materials that concern the entire Crow tribe, particularly the tribal government. All the information is from the tribal council. The General Allotment Act of February 8, 1887 is included. The many concerns of the tribe from its beginnings to the present are covered.

  1. Box 4A: Folders
  2. The Crow Indian Sentinel
  3. Tribal Government
  4. 1920 Crow Act, General Allotment Act of February 8, 1887
  5. Tribal Council Papers 1947-48
  6. Crow Competency Acts
  7. Tribal Council Papers
  8. Certain Tribal Council Resolutions
  9. Crow Land Program
  10. Taxation
  11. Council Committees
  12. Tribal Election
  13. Letter to Chairman, Superintendent, etc.
  14. Proposed Crow Tribe Constitution and Bylaws, 11/10/1988
  15. Yellowtail Dam
  16. Tribal Staff Meeting
  17. Tribal Elections May 1976
  18. The Crow Act of 1920 (other bills)
  19. Arrow Wood Lodge Conference on improving tribal government
  20. Section II, Crow Act, 6/1920
  21. Trust Period Extensions
  22. Leasing Regulations
  23. Crow Water Report 2/3/78
  24. Water Rights
  25. Management Improvement Program
  26. Tribal Constitutions (Eastern Montana College)
  27. Crow Tribal Personnel Practices and Policies Manual
  28. Tribal Personnel Policy A.
  29. School Lands Conveyed to State of Montana by Crow Tribe
  30. Impeachment (Pat Stands)
  31. Crow Law and Order Code
  32. State Severance Tax
  33. Sumter County vs. U.S. of America (Voting Rights)
  34. Council Resolutions
  35. Bureau of Indian Affairs, office of the Area Director
  36. New Car Tax

Box 4B: Folders

  1. Scalping Throughout the World
  2. November 9, 1970 letter to William Youpee, Chairman, Interagency Policy Board
  3. Speech by Mr. Leonard Brown Bureau of Outdoor Recreation, Washington D.C.
  4. Council for Tribal Employment Rights
  5. Life on the Reservation
  6. NCAI (National Congress of American Indians) Bulletin, Washington D.C., May 1961
  7. Betty Meggers Articles
  8. Thesis 1968, Author Spanding Kidwell, Jr. “The Conical Timbered Lodge” (etc.)
  9. The Voice of the American Indians, June 13-20, 1981
  10. Michael A. Dorris Article on Contemporary Native Americans
  11. New Indian Wars, Denver Post, November 1983
  12. January 1946, Great Falls Executive Council Meeting, American Indians of Montana
  13. Hero Development in the 20th Century (Indians)
  14. Northern Cheyenne Reservation Project- Socio-economic, 1975-77
  15. American Indian Movement
  16. Tribal Identification of Northern Plains Beadwork
  17. Peter Nabokov
  18. Native American Studies, The Fine Arts
  19. Native American Science Education Association
  20. Coalition of Indian Controlled School Boards
  21. American Indian Higher Education Consortium
  22. Mike Korn’s Folklife Project
  23. Carling Malouf Materials
  24. Alcohol
  25. Peyote
  26. Drugs
  27. Protection of Historical and Cultural Properties
  28. Public Law 96-95, 10/31/79 Archeological Resources and Protection Act
  29. American Indian Religious Freedom Act, P.L. 95-341, 8/12/78
  30. Native American Rights Fund 1986 Annual Report
  31. Films for Anthropological Teaching
  32. American Indians, An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Library Resources, 1970
  33. Research and Cultural Studies Development Section, Bureau of Indian Affairs Santa Fe, Dave Warren, Director
  34. Research and Cultural Studies, Dave Warren, Director, Institute of American Indian Arts
  35. David Warren- Cultural Studies Development

Box 5: Folders

  1. The United States Indian Service
  2. National Science Foundation Congressional Report
  3. Newspaper Clippings on Indian Subjects in general
  4. Thesis; Fong Man- Hee, 8-1929, A Study Among the Chinese and Certain American Indian Tribes
  5. Robert Rayanis Research status report
  6. Preliminary Statement, American Indian Chicago Conference, 6/13-20/61
  7. Nations Within A Nation
  8. The British Museum Winter Count, 1979
  9. The San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation Report
  10. Native American Religion
  11. Native American Religion (Sun Dance of the Sioux) 1942
  12. Child Care
  13. America’s Promise, National Congress of American Indians
  14. Teton Dakota Ethnology and History, 1937
  15. “B.I.A I’m Not Your Indian Any More”

Series 4: Speeches, Papers, and Other Writings of Joe Medicine Crow

This series contains material on various topics, mostly consisting of Joe Medicine Crow’s own writings. These include war stories of different kinds, interviews on television in 1982 for the British Broadcasting Corporation, a 1939 study of crime on the Crow Reservation, information on the Crow Tribe in general, Joe’s master’s thesis of 1939, and stories of friends and relatives that he knew.

Box 6A: Folders

  1. Correspondence
  2. Letters to Chairman Re-establishing a consulting Firm for Crow Tribe
  3. *Medicine Crow Booklet
  4. Medicine Crow Ledger Art, Eastern Montana College Photographs
  5. Interviews
  6. War Stories at Various Times
  7. *Joe Medicine Crow Stories
  8. *About Custer/summary Bull Battle
  9. BBC Television 1982 British Broadcasting Corporation
  10. *Four Arrows
  11. Bilingual Education Teacher Trainer Fellowship 1976-77
  12. *Mary Chien Takes Gun, 1950s
  13. *Speech Material
  14. *Speeches- Joe Medicine Crow
  15. *Speeches- Joe Medicine Crow
  16. *Speeches- Joe Medicine Crow
  17. *From Medicine Man to Doctor of Medicine

Box 6B: Folders (Files 18-20 Missing)

  1. *Extermination of Crow Horses in 1920
  2. Speech on Plenty Coups Museum 8/12/67
  3. *Eugene and Maude Yarlott Love Story 50th Anniversary
  4. *Crow Grammar
  5. *Term Paper White/Crow Marriages
  6. A Study of Crime on the Crow Indian Reservation 1939
  7. *Crow Indian Rattles
  8. *Naming of Big Horn River
  9. *The Crooked Stick, An Indian War Flag
  10. *Telling of War Deeds
  11. Workshops on Rape, Women in Violence 1984
  12. Montana Indian Youth Practicum
  13. Indian Historian
  14. Transcript of Testimony U.S. and Crow Tribe vs. State of Montana Fish and Game
  15. Voting Rights Case Windy Boy vs. Big Horn County, 1985
  16. *Historical Background of Formal Education Among Crow Indians 1870-1975
  17. Traditional Indian Child Rearing Practices in Contemporary Society at Eastern Montana College 4/18/80, Crow 12/3/82
  18. *The Development of the Crow Tribal Government
  19. “American Indian Traditions of Health and Medicine, “Denver Museum of Natural History, May, 1981
  20. Susie Walking Bear Yellowtail (her life work) 1903-1981
  21. Arlis Whiteman
  22. Robert Bends/Edison Real Bird
  23. Robert (Jiggs) Yellowtail, Jr., 1919-1982
  24. Joy (Yellowtail) Toineeta 1911-1983
  25. Crow Indian Time System
  26. *Use and Meaning of Feathers, Plains Indian Museum, 2/20/81
  27. *Linfield College Term Paper
  28. *The Cultural Transition of a Primitive Society, The Crow Indians
  29. *The Effects of European Culture Contacts Upon the Economic, Social, and Religious Life of the Crow Indians, Joe Medicine Crow thesis, Master of Arts, 1939
  30. *Handbook of Crow Indian Laws and Treaties, by Joe Medicine Crow and Daniel Press

Series 5: Crow History

This series contains materials on Crow history including various articles on topics such as the Crow tribal migrations to what is now Montana, a Crow historical chronology chart, information on the buffalo herd that exists today and who brought it to the reservation, and documents that pertain to the Native American Church of the Crow Tribe.

Box 7: Folders

  1. *Correspondence
  2. *Crow History
  3. *Crow Migration
  4. *Tribal Buffalo Herd
  5. *Documents of Native American Indian Church; Newspaper Clippings; Crow Reservation Map 1873; Two Leggings Manuscript Map
  6. *Probable Origins and Migrations of Present Montana Indians
  7. *The Crow Indians
  8. *Crow History Materials
  9. *A Skeletal Chart of Crow Chronology
  10. *Crow Historical Chronology
  11. *Historical
  12. *History of Indians of Montana
  13. Bozeman Expedition
  14. Montana History
  15. Caleb Greenwood

Series 6: Crow Culture (Box 8A)

This series contains information on Crow culture and customs, including the history of the tribe in general, pictures of Crow people in Indian outfits, and prayers offered at a Pipe Ceremony by Henry Old Coyote.

The sacred Medicine Wheels that Native Americans used are located in various places on the Crow Reservation. There is information on these sites.

The last chief of the Crow Tribe was Plenty Coups. Joe collected information on his speeches, where he was laid to rest, the council meetings that he conducted, and other material.

Box 8A: Folders

  1. Crow Indian Historical Society
  2. Crow Historical and Cultural Commission
  3. American Indian Dance Pow-wow 1953
  4. Crow Historical Culture Committee (photograph)
  5. Crow Heritage Center (photograph)
  6. The Crow Emblem
  7. Re-naming of Beartooth Mountains
  8. Pipe Prayer by Henry Old Coyote
  9. The Crow Indian Recreation Association, Lodge Grass, Montana
  10. *Crow Religion (class notes)
  11. *Contrary Warriors
  12. Archaeology of the Northern Plains Area
  13. *Northern Plains Culture Area
  14. *Crow Indian Buffalo jump
  15. *Buffalo jumps
  16. Crow Reservation Archaeological sites (slides)
  17. Wolf Mountains Archaeology

Box 8B: Folders

  1. Area Archaeology sites (photograph)
  2. Anthropology
  3. Notes on Cultural Resources in Areas of Proposed Strip Mining by Joe Medicine Crow
  4. Medicine Wheel on Big Horn Mountains
  5. *Dances
  6. Plenty Coups Said, 1932
  7. Chief Blackfoot- Sits-In-Middle-Of-Land
  8. What Is A Clan
  9. Plenty Coups
  10. Montana Department of Fish and Game (Plenty Coups)
  11. Newby Fletcher (Plenty Coups)
  12. Plenty Coups Museum (Photograph)
  13. Padanyi- Gulyus, Architect Letter on Plenty Coups Museum
  14. Public Ledger (Plenty Coups)
  15. Resolution (Plenty Coups)
  16. Robert, Ashley C., Recreation (Plenty Coups)
  17. Sorrels, K. (Plenty Coups Museum)
  18. Plenty Coups Kathryn Wright
  19. Plenty Coups Memorial History
  20. (Plenty Coups) Kurth, Conner, Jones, Ryan, and Davidson
  21. (Plenty Coups) Crow Tribal Council, Lewis Hill Family Foundation
  22. (Plenty Coups) Hardin Tribune Herald
  23. (Plenty Coups) Ron Halliday
  24. (Plenty Coups) Medicine Crow, Joseph
  25. (Plenty Coups) M’Nutt, William
  26. (Plenty Coups) Memorial Inventory
  27. (Plenty Coups) Carter, Georgia
  28. (Plenty Coups) Photographs, Anonymous
  29. (Plenty Coups) A Chronology of events in a Dream
  30. (Plenty Coups) Billings Gazette Jim Berry
  31. (Plenty Coups) Mailing List, 1969
  32. (Plenty Coups) Evening Star, Washington D.C., 1936
  33. (Plenty Coups) Telegram, 1973, Smithsonian

Series 7: Wyoming Archaeology

This series contains most issues of the “Wyoming Archaeologist” from 1961 to 1986, with some earlier issues. It also includes the constitution and bylaws of the Wyoming Archaeological Society. Joe Medicine Crow belongs to this society.

Box 9A: Folders

  1. Prehistoric Transportation Nomadic Hunters of Wyoming
  2. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. VI No. 2 1953
  3. Wyoming Archaeological Society
  4. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. VI No. 1 1963
  5. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. V No. 2 1962
  6. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. V. No. 3 1962
  7. The Smoke Signal Vol. II April 6, 1959 No. 3
  8. The Wyoming Archeologist Vol. II 10/1959 No. 9
  9. Constitution and Bylaws of the Wyoming Archaeological Society
  10. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. V. No. 1 March 1962
  11. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. V. No. 4, December 1962
  12. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. XXI No. 4, December 1962
  13. The Wyoming Archaeologist March/June, 1982
  14. The Wyoming Archaeologist December 1981
  15. The Wyoming Archaeologist June 1976, Vol. XIX, No.2
  16. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. XXI, No. 1, March 1978
  17. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. 23, No. 2, June 1980
  18. The Wyoming Archaeologist September/December No. 3-4, Vol. 23, 1980
  19. The Wyoming Archaeologist July 1972, Vol. XV
  20. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. IV, October 1961, No. 10
  21. The Wyoming Archaeologist June 1974, Vol. XVII, No. 2
  22. The Wyoming Archaeologist September/December 1976, Vol. XIX, 3-4
  23. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. XX, March No. 1 June No. 2
  24. The Wyoming Archaeologist September 1966, Vol. IX, No.3
  25. The Wyoming Archaeologist September 1978, Vol. XXI, No.3
  26. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. IV, November 1961, No. 1
  27. The Wyoming Archaeologist December 1979, Vol. XXIII, No. 4
  28. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. 23, No. 1 March, 1980
  29. The Wyoming Archaeologist September 1982 December
  30. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. 29- (3-4), Fall 1986
  31. The Wyoming Archaeologist June 1981, September 1981
  32. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. XVI, No. 3, September 1973
  33. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. XXI, No. 2, June 1978
  34. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. XXII, No. 2 June 1979
  35. The Wyoming Archaeologist March 1983

Box 9B: Folders

  1. The Wyoming Archaeologist September 1977 Vol. XX, No. 3
  2. The Wyoming Archaeologist March 1981
  3. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. 28, (3-4) Fall 1985
  4. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. 27 (1-2), Spring 1984
  5. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. 26 (3-4), Fall 1983
  6. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. XIX, No. 1, March 1976
  7. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. 27, (3-4), Fall 1984
  8. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. 28, (1-2), Spring 1985
  9. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. 4, December 1977
  10. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. 29, (1-2) Spring 1986
  11. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. IX, No. 4 December
  12. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. IV, December 1961, No. 12
  13. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. IV, July 1961, No.7
  14. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. XVII, No. 4 December 1974
  15. The Wyoming Archaeologist Vol. XXIII, No. 2, September 1979

Series 8: Custer- Sitting Bull Reenactment

This series consists of materials from the time Joe Medicine Crow was active in the Custer- Sitting Bull Re-enactment program put on by the Crow Tribe and the Hardin Chamber of Commerce. Joe helped write the script for the show. The original re-enactment ran during the summers of 1964 through 1972. There are many bro chures and flyers on the program that the Crow Tribe helped to develop.

Box 10: Folders

  1. Re-enactment Newspaper Clippings
  2. Re-enactment Meetings
  3. *Re-enactment 1967-Scripts-All Rights Reserved
  4. *Re-enactment 1966-Scripts-All Rights Reserved
  5. *Re-enactment 1965-Scripts-All Rights Reserved
  6. *Re-enactment 1964-Scripts-All Rights Reserved
  7. *Re-enactment 1968-Scripts-All Rights Reserved
  8. *Re-enactment 1969-Scripts-All Rights Reserved
  9. *Re-enactment 1971-Scripts-All Rights Reserved
  10. *Re-enactment 1973-Scripts-All Rights Reserved
  11. *Re-enactment 1972-Scripts-All Rights Reserved
  12. Re-enactment Flyers/Brochure (etc.)
  13. Re-enactment 1973 Rehearsals/costs instruction
  14. *Re-enactment Information on the Scenes
  15. Re-enactment Custer’s Last Stand 7/10/70
  16. Re-enactment Custer’s Last Stand 7/9-11/71
  17. Re-enactment Custer’s Last Stand 6/30,7/12/72
  18. Re-enactment Custer’s Last Stand 6/6-8/73
  19. Re-enactment Custer’s Last Stand 6/27-29/69
  20. Re-enactment Custer’s Last Stand 6/28-30/68
  21. Re-enactment Custer’s Last Stand 6/23-25/67
  22. Re-enactment Custer’s Last Stand 6/24-26/66
  23. Re-enactment Custer’s Last Stand 6/19-21/65
  24. Re-enactment Custer’s Last Stand 6/27-28/64
  25. I Custer Battlefield Historical and Museum Association
  26. II Custer Battlefield Historical and Museum Association

Note: Photographs of reenactment in separate box

Series 9: University of Southern California Class Notes

This collection contains Joe’s class notes from the University of Southern California where he obtained his master’s degree.

Box 11A: Folders

  1. “Comparative Oriental Philology”
  2. “Theories of Origin of Religion”
  3. “Report on Wampum”
  4. “That Which was CHIMU”
  5. “Term paper in museums and their work”
  6. “The Hittities”
  7. “Indonesia”
  8. “People of Europe”
  9. “A Project”
  10. “A Project in Anthropology”
  11. “World History”
  12. “Southwest Pottery”
  13. “The Berbers”
  14. “The Maya System of Writing”
  15. “Problems of Modern Society”
  16. “A Form Book for Thesis Writing”
  17. “French Grammar for Reading”
  18. “Philosophy”
  19. “Origin and Development of Institutions”
  20. “Miscegenation”
  21. “Race Relations”
  22. “Philosophy of Religion”
  23. “Origin of Religion According to Anthropology”
  24. “Philosophy of Religion”
  25. “Anthropology”
  26. “A Project in Anthropology”
  27. “Apes, Men, and Morons”

Box 11B: Folders

  1. “1938”
  2. “Class notes”
  3. “Class notes”
  4. “Class notes”

Series 10: Montana Archaeology

The materials in this series are from the periodical “Montana Archaeology” from the years 1953 to 1977. It consists of the many articles published by the Montana Archaeology Society.

Box 12A: Folders

  1. Montana Archaeology, Northern Cheyenne Archaeology
  2. Montana Archaeology, In Montana, Vol.9,#4 1968, October/December #3
  3. Montana Archaeology, University of Montana Contributions to Anthropology
  4. Montana Archaeology, Anthropology and Sociology papers #6
  5. Montana Archaeology, University of Montana Contributions to Anthropology 1976
  6. Montana Archaeology, University of Montana Contributions to Anthropology #4,1972
  7. Montana Archaeology, University of Montana Contributions to Anthropology,#5,1972-74
  8. Montana Archaeology, The Wholeocene Catalog of the Pleistocence
  9. Montana Archaeology, Rock Art of the Montana Plains
  10. Montana Archaeology, National Anthropology Archives
  11. Montana Archaeology, The Minnesota Archaeologist, January 1962
  12. Montana Archaeology, The Powers-Yonkee Bison Trap, 24PRS
  13. Montana Archaeology, Introduction
  14. Montana Archaeology, The Hell Gate Survey,1954#16
  15. Montana Archaeology, Ten Animal Myths of the Flathead Indians
  16. Montana Archaeology, Comments on the Use Distribution of Tipi Rings, 1953,#14
  17. Montana Archaeology, Archaeological Sites in the Flathead Lake Region, 1953,#15
  18. Montana Archaeology, Notes on the Archaeology of the Big Hole Region, Montana
  19. Montana Archaeology, #13, Anthropology and Sociology
  20. Montana Archaeology, #3, Anthropology and Sociology
  21. Montana Archaeology, #5, Anthropology and Sociology
  22. Montana Archaeology, #8, Anthropology and Sociology
  23. Montana Archaeology, #12, Anthropology and Sociology
  24. Montana Archaeology, #6, Anthropology and Sociology
  25. Montana Archaeology, #1, Western Anthropology
  26. Montana Archaeology, National History
  27. Montana Archaeology, #2, Western Anthropology
  28. Montana Archaeology,#2, Anthropology Paper
  29. Montana Archaeology,#6, Vol.III, Billings Archaeology Society
  30. Montana Archaeology, Bylaws of the Billings Archaeology Society
  31. Montana Archaeology,#8, Billings Archaeology Society
  32. Montana Archaeology,#10, Billings Archaeology Society
  33. Montana Archaeology, Archaeological Digs in the Pacific Northwest
  34. Montana Archaeology,#12, Billings Archaeology Society
  35. Montana Archaeology, July meeting
  36. Montana Archaeology,#1, Vol. IV, Billings Archaeology Society
  37. Montana Archaeology,#3, Vol. III, Billings Archaeology Society
  38. Montana Archaeology,#3, Anthropology and Society
  39. Montana Archaeology,#9, Billings Archaeology Society
  40. Montana Archaeology,#11, Billings Archaeology Society
  41. Montana Archaeology,#10, Vol. III, Billings Archaeology Society
  42. Montana Archaeology,#20, Anthropology and Sociology Paper

Box 12B: Folders

  1. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology of the Lower Big Horn Canyon, Montana
  2. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol.#1, 1973
  3. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol.#18,#2 and #3, 1977
  4. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol.#20,#3,1977
  5. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol. #I, Summer 1958
  6. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol.#23,#3,1982
  7. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol.#3,#3, 1/1962
  8. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol. #4,#3, June 1962
  9. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol.#4,#4, June 1962
  10. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol. #3,#4, February 1962
  11. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol.#18,#2,3, 1977
  12. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol.#20,#3, 1970
  13. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol.#3,#2, December 1961
  14. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol.#3, November 1961
  15. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol.#4,#1, March 1962
  16. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol.#2, 1950
  17. Montana Archaeology, Archaeology in Montana, Vol.#19,October 1959
  18. Anthropology and Sociology Papers, #23 to 30
  19. Anthropology and Sociology Papers, #20
  20. Anthropology and Sociology Papers, #21
  21. Anthropology and Sociology Papers, #22

Series 11: Books

This series consists of books and other publications that Mr. Medicine Crow has acquired over the years, including some during his college days. In part, they include materials used to obtaining his degree.

Box 13A: Folders

  1. “Code of Federal Regulation 25 Indians” The National Archives of the United States, 1975
  2. Reginald and Gladys Laubin “Indian Dances of North America” Oklahoma; University of Oklahoma Press, 1977
  3. Mueller, Ralph and Jerry Turk: “Report after Action, The Story of the 103rd Infantry Division, “Austria: Wagner-Sche Universitats-Butch: 1945(Note: Joe’s division)
  4. American Association of University Women: “Historical Sheridan” Sheridan, Wyoming: The Sheridan Chamber of Commerce, (1959) 1970 printing
  5. National Park Service: “Custer Battlefield National Monument,” U.S. Department of the Interior, United States. Crow Agency, Montana, Revised 1962
  6. Hieb, David L. “Fort Laramie,” Washington D.C. National Park Service Historical Handbook #20 United States Department of the Interior: 1954
  7. Eriansen, Charles B. “Battle of the Butte” Washington D.C.: National Park Service Historical Handbook, 1963
  8. Marquis, Thomas B. “Which Indian Killed Custer Custer Soldiers Not Buried” Hardin, Montana Custer Battle Museum, 1933
  9. Marquis, Thomas B. “Sitting Bull and Gall, the Warrior” Hardin, Montana, Custer Battle Museum 1927
  10. Marquis, Thomas B. “She Watched Custer’s Last Battle” Hardin, Montana, Custer Battle Museum, 1927
  11. Marquis, Thomas B. “Sketch Story of the Custer Battle” Hardin, Montana, Custer Battle Museum, 1933
  12. Wright, Bob and Kathryn “Territory of Treasures Montana Centennial 1864-1964” Billings, Montana, The Gazette Printing Company, 1964
  13. Du Bois, Charles G. “Kick the Dead Lion” Billings, Montana, The Reporter Printing and Supply Company, 1954
  14. Utley, Robert M. “Custer’s Last Stand” Indiana, Dayton, Indiana,1949
  15. Custer Battlefield National Monument “Entrenchment Trail” Crow Agency, Montana Custer Battlefield Historical and Museum Association
  16. Russell, Virgil Y. “Indian Artifacts” Douglas, Wyoming, Douglas Enterprise Company, 1951
  17. Russell, Virgil Y. “Indian Artifacts” Boulder Colorado, Johnson Publishing Company (1951), 1957, 3rd printing
  18. Voget, Fred W. “The Shoshoni-Crow Sun Dance” Oklahoma, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman: 1984
  19. Denig, Edwin Thompson “Anthropological Papers Numbers 33-42” Washington D.C., Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 151, United States Govt. Printing Office, Washington: 1953
  20. Haas, Theodore H. “The Indian and the Law-I” Washington 25 D.C., Haskell Institute Printing Department, 1949-10m
  21. Nabokov, Peter “Two Leggings” New York Thomas Y. Cromwell Company, 1967
  22. Marquis, Thomas B. “A Warrior Who Fought Custer” Minneapolis, The Midwest Company, 1931
  23. Irving, Washington “Irving’s Works” New York: William L. Allison, Publisher, 1886
  24. Abbott, Newton Carl “Montana in the Making” Billings, Montana, The Gazette Printing Company, 1959
  25. Remington, Frederic “John Ermine of the Yellowstone” New York, The Macmillan Company, 1954
  26. United States Department of the Interior “Custer Battlefield National Monument”, Montana, 1962 (revised)
  27. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service “Custer Battlefield” Crow Agency, Montana
  28. Geological Map of Big Horn County

Box 13B: Folders

  1. Government Printing Office: “Crow Indian Reservation” Washington D.C., 1908
  2. Densmore, Francis: “Teton Sioux Music” Washington D.C., Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 61
  3. United States Government Printing Office “Report Union Calendar #790… An Investigation of the Bureau of Indian Affairs”, Washington, D.C., 1953
  4. Kappler, Charles J. “Laws and Treaties, Indian Affairs Vol. I and II” Washington, Government Printing Office
  5. Royce, Charles C. “Indian Land Cessions in the United States, “Bureau of American Ethnology, 8th report, Washington, Government Printing Office, 1899

Box 13C: Folders

  1. Benth, Helen F. “Aho, Susie, Aho, “The Country Journal, Vol. 7, #44, 1/6/82 Sheridan, Wyoming, 1982 (3 copies)
  2. Students/employees: “Constitution of Phoenix Indian School Campus Association, “1939
  3. Program: “Good Luck Club Cathay” Oregon, Linfield College, 1937
  4. “Linfield College,” 1937 Pigskin Review
    • Vol. XXXI, October 1952, #3
    • Vol. 17, January 1939, #7
    • Vol. 17, December 1938, #6
    • Vol. 17, September 1938, #1
    • Vol. 17, October 1938, #3
  5. The Bacone Indian (Newspaper)
    • Vol. VI, #8, Wednesday, March 14, 1934
    • Vol. VI, #5, Wednesday, January 17, 1934
    • Vol. VII, #11, Wednesday, March 27, 1935
    • Vol. VII, #9, Wednesday, March 18, 1936
    • Vol. VIII, #13, Wednesday, May 27, 1936
    • Vol. IX, #5, Wednesday, December 9, 1936
  6. Linfield Review (Newspaper)
    • Vol.43, Sunday, June 5, 1938, #27
  7. Program: Pacific Coast Conference, Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, May 24-25, 1940
  8. Constitution of Phoenix Indian School Campus Association
  9. Picture Post Cards “Indian Camp in the Northwest” C.T. and Company, Chicago
  10. Letter, Page 2 (only) From: Hank Bart, 1795 Riverside Drive, New York, New York
  11. Post Card- Miss Indian America XXIIII, Kristine Rayola Harvey, 1977
  12. Cards- Blanks by Fred Beaver (qty 5)
  13. Christmas Card From Ben Pease’s Family, 1957
  14. Alumni News, Bacone College, March 1986

Series 12: Bradley’s “After the Buffalo Days” (Box 14)

This series contains both published and unpublished material written by Charles Bradley. There are two volumes of “After the Buffalo Days,” both printed in 1977, though volume II remains unpublished. There is also the unpublished manuscript “From Individualism to Bureaucracy” which continues the work of “After the Buffalo Days,” covering Crow history from 1920 to 1945.

Box 14: Folders

  1. “From Individualism to Bureaucracy, Documents on the Crow Indians 1920-1945,” preface and table of contents
  2. “From Individualism to Bureaucracy,” Part I, “Politics 1920-1940”
  3. “From Individualism to Bureaucracy,” Part II, “Chuckwagons and Plows, Reservation Agriculture 1920-1940”
  4. “From Individualism to Bureaucracy,” Part III, “The Gifts of Civilization: Liquor, Medicine, and Education”
  5. “From Individualism to Bureaucracy,” Part IV, “Natural Resources and Land Usage”
  6. Volume II, “After the Buffalo Days”
  7. Volume I, “After the Buffalo Days”

Series 13: Pamphlets

This series contains information from all different organizations on or relating to the Crow Indian reservation, from letters to photographs to conference information.

Box 15: Folders

  1. Finding aids on Plenty Coups Memorial
  2. Slides 3 Cheyennes Notes and Cheyenne word for transvestite Notes “The North American Indian Volumes 4-8, Supplementary Set,”(photographic plates)
  3. The New Books at “The Mercantile Library,” February 1963
  4. Letter and photograph from Bob Bresloeers
  5. Letter and photograph from Don Millegan (1972)
  6. Res A Vegas information sheet/pamphlets, cards (Pease family)
  7. Youngs Creek Mine project
  8. Montana Conference of Social Welfare
  9. Big Horn Conservation District Newsletter, vol. 18, no. 3, August 1985
  10. Wyola School (memorandum), song Joe Medicine Crow
  11. Bureau of Indian Affairs consent of right of way
  12. A Day Off
  13. Big Horn County Historical Museum and Visitor Center (1987)
  14. Fort Phil Kearny/Bozeman Trail Association
  15. Reader’s Digest reprint

Series 14: Photographs

All photographs in this collection were taken by Kathleen D. Westcott, a friend of the family of Joe Medicine Crow. The pictures are of all different social functions on the Crow reservation.

Box 16A: Folders

  1. Arrow throwing (2 photographs): Ronald Falls Down, Grady Hunts The Arrow, Carlton Goes Ahead, Larry Costa
  2. Stomach pouch (drying)
  3. Branding (2 photographs): Lonn Fritzler, Vernon Whiteman; Fritzler family, Whiteman family
  4. Crow baby
  5. Fixing a car: Eugene Yarlott, Robert Doyle, David Bad Bear, Dee Bad Bear
  6. Beading: Karen Whiteman
  7. Andrea Fritzler
  8. Mickey Old Coyote
  9. Josephine Russell and grandchildren
  10. Horseback riding in Crow Agency, Montana
  11. Feasting (Whiteman family)
  12. Ron Holt and Robert Yellowtail
  13. Crow Agency, Montana
  14. Playing basketball: Ettings Half, Daniel Old Elk
  15. John Truhejo
  16. Janine Pease-Windy Boy
  17. Judy (Whiteman) Stewart, Raymond Stewart, Darrwin Stewart
  18. Quintin (?) Whiteman, D. Stewart
  19. David Stewart, Joe Medicine Crow, Bill Yellowtail, Willie Stewart
  20. Grandchildren of Whiteman
  21. Crow Agency, Montana
  22. Lily Hogan and grandchild
  23. Ryan Bad Bear, Ross Whiteman, Troy Cloud, Dale Medicine Horse, Gilford Sees The Ground, Tella Rondeaux (Shake and Burger Hut)
  24. Lavonne Little Owl, Donavon Bullinsight
  25. Barney Old Horn and Pooka Old Horn
  26. Dancing at Crow Fair: Curtis Brien and Frank Caplett
  27. Crow beadwork
  28. John Whiteman and grandchild
  29. Feeding horses: Mickey Old Coyote
  30. Lavonne Light Owl, Carrie Other Medicine, Gary Dawes
  31. Amy Whiteman
  32. Boy fixing feathers
  33. Child running, 21 girls in background
  34. Horse rider at Crow Fair (one boy and one girl)
  35. Women drying meat: Rose Turns Plenty, Pryor
  36. Joe Medicine Crow
  37. G.E.O.’s store: store clerk Gloria Stops (?)
  38. Sun Dancer

Box 16B: Folders

  1. Group picture, left to right; Reginald Laubin, Tom Yellowtail; center: Donald Deernose, Joe Medicine Crow, Henry Old Coyote
  2. Crow Fair Parade Dance c. 1920/1930s, 1st dancer: William Little Owl, 4th dancer: Lee Rock Above, 10th dancer: Ted Bear Cloud
  3. Hollow Horn, a Sioux delegate (died at Washington, D.C.)
  4. Delegates to Washington, Crow men, 1910
  5. Crow men 1912, left to right: Stops, Sees With His Ears, Holds The Enemy
  6. Crow men 1913, left to right: Medicine Crow, White Man Runs Him, Plenty Coups, Richard Wallace
  7. Antoine Selish
  8. Crow man
  9. Washakie, chief of the Shoshones
  10. Mesa Verde
  11. Cherokee Indian
  12. Hopi mat weaver
  13. Two photographs: Custer reenactment; 5 boy riding
  14. Joe Medicine Crow
  15. Kathleen Westcott Photograph Collection (list)
  16. Zuni Indian women

Series 15: Audio Tapes

There are forty three audio cassette tapes of Joe Medicine Crow, mostly from his lectures in Crow Studies, but also including tapes made for people he is working with in publishing his biography/autobiography. The tapes are located in the audio storage room.

  1. Six tapes: “100 Years of Acculturation,” tapes 1-6, Joe Medicine Crow and Charles Bradley, recorded by Steve Chesarek 3/1/1977
  2. Six tapes: Joe Medicine Crow Biography/autobiography book outline: Prehistoric Origins, Migrations, Tribal Origin Myths
  3. One tape: Medicine Crow book outline: War Stories, August 1987
  4. 13 tapes: Crow History Post Settlement,” Joe Medicine Crow, Spring Quarter 1987
  5. Two tapes: Joe Medicine Crow guest lecture for “History of the (Crow) Chiefs,” 3/13/85
  6. Two tapes: Joe Medicine Crow and Adrian Heidenreich guest lecture for Art of the Crow Indians
  7. Four tapes: intial inventory of Joe Medicine Crow Collections by Peter Nabokov, Tim Bernardis, and Joe Medicine Crow
  8. Nine tapes: Joe Medicine Crow “History of the (Crow) Chiefs, “Winter Quarter 1987

Series 16: Bilingual Materials

This series contains materials from the Bilingual Materials Development Center in Crow Agency, particularly publications, but also including information on how the linguistics were developed into an alphabet. The guidelines for the Bilingual Center are also included.

Box 17A: Folders

  1. Wyola Bilingual Program
  2. Linguistics (general)
  3. Summary of Findings Crow Reservation
  4. Tentative Rationale and Objectives
  5. Stories
  6. Ray Gordon
  7. Bilingual Education Program
  8. Bilingual and Bicultural Education
  9. Crow Lullabies
  10. Crow Language Survey 1969- 1970
  11. Center for Applied Linguistics, Dr. Modianon
  12. Crow Alphabet
  13. Tentative Guidelines for 1971-1972 Bilingual-Bicultural
  14. Bilingual materials (Crow center)
  15. Status and Prospects for Bilingual Indian Education in Montana
  16. Crow Language Learning Guide Volume I
  17. Bilingual/Bicultural Education- Program Report
  18. “A Dictionary of Everyday Crow,” 1st edition
  19. Tentative Guidelines for 1971-1972 Bilingual-Bicultural
  20. “Hinne Biila Diawa: Wik-Bali Ammalu:she”
  21. “Hinne bi:la diawa: wik- Bali Ammalu:she
  22. “Hinne bi: la wik- Bali Ammalu:she (Aba:loke)”
  23. “i: wa:e:wahche aka:wa-Awako:Chiluawia Konba:la:chik”
  24. “He:ttailiile”
  25. Guidelines for Bilingual- Bicultural Education at Crow Agency, Montana (2 copies)
  26. Language Policy for Indian Education Part I, II, III

Box 17B: Folders

  1. John Read’s Thesis on Language Maintenance for Crow Indians Part 1,2,3, Dissertation on Crow Language Maintenance
  2. Programs Under Bilingual Education Act Title VII, Elementary and Secondary Education Act, April 20, 1971
  3. “Isaahkawuatteelak Biakaakuumnak Awi Chichiiluuk”
  4. “Iaxassaamnak Iisuukaatamnak”
  5. “Shikaakmnak Iisuukaatmnak Iaxuhkam”
  6. “Iichiilikaashim”
  7. “Apsaalooka Ammaawaalaatuua”
  8. “Jack and His Trip Through the Crow Reservation”
  9. “Apsaalooke Iiwaakaatxachio”
  10. “Iishoopilissah”
  11. “Basaxamnak Uuttamnak”
  12. “Isaahkawuatteelak Biaxaakuumnake Awe Chichiiluuk”
  13. “Baalaaitchiimmaachik”
  14. “Iipuuikoosaaum Baahaaweek”
  15. “Heettaliile”
  16. “Hawate Aa Pilake Kussu”
  17. “Bacheewatchaachish”
  18. “Isshiiooshkuunaalasu”
  19. “The Crow Junior Dictionary”
  20. The Bilingual Materials Development Center
  21. “Uuxam Kalaak”
  22. Aammishe”
  23. “Huuk Diiawaxpuchiiweewiik”
  24. “Aammishe”
  25. “Iipiakaaatan Baaataalik”
  26. “Xuahchum Huuk”
  27. Final Evaluation Report and Baseline Study
  28. High Plains Indian Bilingual Conference
  29. Perspectives on the Summer Institute of Linguistics
  30. Bilingual Materials Development Center, Crow Agency

Series 17: Appraisal Papers (Box 18A)

The two boxes in this series are comprised of Bureau of Indian Affairs appraisals done on several reservations, particularly on the Crow and Northern Cheyenne. Many are notes that Joe took while he worked for the Bureau of Indian Affairs as an appraiser.

Box 18A

  1. Crow tracts appraised 1982-1983
  2. Notes taken at meeting of appraisers with Mr. Mathias at Billings Area Office Appraisers Conference, 4/9-10/1957, 5/20/1959
  3. Notes taken at meeting of appraisers with Mr. Mathias at Billings, April/May 1959
  4. Special Crow appraisal
  5. Yellowmule estate appraisal report, 2/3/1982, by Joe Medicine Crow
  6. January-June 1982 Requests for real estate appraisal
  7. January-June 1981 Completed appraisals fee patent letters reviews, supplemental to 8/15/81
  8. July-December 1982 Request for real estate appraisal
  9. Right of Way appraisal Wind River Reservation, February 1962
  10. Fort Peck- Composite Report, November 27, 1968
  11. Rough draft, composite report Fort Peck, January 16, 1969
  12. Fort Belknap road project 15-A Right of Way Appraisal

Box 18B: Folders

  1. Request for real estate appraisal
  2. June-December 1980 Completed appraisals, memoranda, fee patent letters, 1980
  3. 1960 Request for real estate appraisal
  4. 1972 Appraisal Report Northern Cheyenne
  5. 1967-1968 Appraisal Report Northern Cheyenne
  6. Ft. Peck gross appraisals 1965 based on economic study of July 1964

Box 18C: Folders

  1. Northern Cheyenne requests for real estate appraisal
  2. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report
  3. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report
  4. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report
  5. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report
  6. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report
  7. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report
  8. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report
  9. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report
  10. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report
  11. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report
  12. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report
  13. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report
  14. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report
  15. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report, 1970
  16. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report

Box 18D: Extra Appraisal Reports

  1. DuBray Land Service 1983
  2. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report, 1971
  3. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report, 1969
  4. Northern Cheyenne Appraisal Report

Series 18: Archaeological Reports

This series includes annual material from the Montana Archaeological Society. Joe belongs to this organization. The majority of the items are archaeological reports/surveys done on Crow reservation sites, particularly those affected by potential coal development i.e. information from a proposal on Youngs Creek area cultural resources; an excavation report from the site on Owl Creek.

Box 19A: Folders

  1. 1979 Annual Montana Archaeological Society Conference, Miles City, Montana, 3/30-31 and 4/1/1979
  2. 32nd Plains Conference University of Wyoming Laramie
  3. Montana State University St. Xavier- Pryor Road Archaeological Survey, Part I
  4. Montana State University St. Xavier- Pryor Road Archaeological Survey, Part II
  5. Proposal for Reevaluation of Cultural Resources at Youngs Creek for Shell
  6. The Results of the Archaeological Survey on Crow Tribe Lands, 1975
  7. The Results of the Archaeological Survey in the Grapevine Creek Area, Bighorn Canyon, 1972
  8. The Indian Creek Coal Permit Area Crow Indian Reservation (also includes map)
  9. Benson’s Butte 24BH1726
  10. Archeology of the Lower Bighorn Canyon, Montana, 1969

Box 19B: Folders

  1. Report of Partial Excavation of the Owl Creek Site (includes map)
  2. The Gull Lake Site

Series 19: Coal Studies

This series contains information on the Crow tribe and its coal leases, covering the ceded area and permits that were received to mine coal, companies from Shell to Westmoreland, and the maps that are used to mine coal along with environmental impact statements.

Folders: Box 20A

  1. Crow Ceded Area Coal Lease Tracts II and III, Parts I, II (folder), Vol. 1, 1976
  2. Crow/Shell Coal Lease, Crow Indian Reservation, Montana, January 1981, Part I and II (folders)
  3. Crow Ceded Area Coal Lease Tracts II and III, Vol. II, 1976
  4. Crow/Shell Coal Lease, Final Environmental Impact Statement
  5. Proposed 20-Year Plan of Mining and Reclamation Tract III

Box 20B

  1. Crow/Shell Coal Lease, February 1981, Draft Environmental Impact Statement (2 copies)
  2. Gulf-Montana State Archaeological Project, July/August 1974, December 1975
  3. 1976 Westmoreland Environmental Impact Statement
  4. The Indian Creek Coal Permit Area, Crow Indian Reservation, Montana- Missing
  5. Environmental Impact Statement on Westmoreland
  6. Clippings on coal mining
  7. Environmental assessment, June 1982
  8. Crow coal studies surveys
  9. Crow Indian Reservation Petroleum Development Project, June 1983, draft
  10. Descriptive Guide to Coal Development on the Crow Reservation, January 1979
  11. Socioeconomic and Cultural Aspects, Report of Work Group F, June 1974
  12. Montana-Wyoming Coal Resources 1/1970
  13. Agony of the Northern Plains
  14. Absaloka Report (2 copies)
  15. Probable Effects and Concerns of Coal Development
  16. Preface Discussion Draft 6/1974
  17. Congressional Record 1975

Series 20: Big Horn Canyon National Recreation Area

This series contains materials on the Big Horn Canyon National Recreation Area, including the proposals made and information on National Park Service plans for the development of Crow lands around the Yellowtail Dam area.

Box 21A: Folders

  1. Preliminary Recreation Development Prospects for Crow Indian Tribe, April 1964
  2. Phase one Report on Study of Big Horn Canyon National Recreation Area, July 1963
  3. Volume I, Proposed Transpark Road, Big Horn Canyon National Recreation Area Montana/Wyoming, 1974 (2 copies)
  4. Big Horn Canyon Environmental Review, January 1978
  5. Big Horn Canyon National Recreation Area “Planning”
  6. Big Horn Canyon Wilderness Study, Montana/Wyoming, July 1977
  7. Department of the Interior Draft Environmental Statement, Big Horn Canyon National Recreation Area, March 29, 1973
  8. Synopsis of Big Horn Canyon National Recreation Area (2 copies)
  9. Environmental Impact Statement, Transpark Road, Big Horn Canyon, Vol. II
  10. Big Horn Canyon, Montana/Wyoming, January 1980
  11. Big Horn Canyon, Final, June 1981
  12. Big Horn Canyon Master Plan, June 1971
  13. Big Horn Canyon National Recreation Area Montana/Wyoming, History Basic Data, Vol. 1, February 1970

Box 21B: Folders

  1. Environmental Analysis, Big Horn Canyon, June 7, 1977
  2. Big Horn Canyon, Vol. 2, June 1977
  3. Final Decision, Montana/Wyoming Inventory, November 1980
  4. Prairie Potholes Environmental Impact Statement, Vol. 2, draft, March 1981
  5. Coal Wood Planning Unit, Miles City District Office
  6. South Rosebud Planning Unit
  7. National Geographic “A Special Report in the Public Interest- Energy”
  8. Forecasting Coal Gasification Activity in the Northern Plains
  9. Synthetic Organic Chemicals 1969
  10. Land Use Recommendations for the Pryor Mountains
  11. Pryor Mountain Complex, May 23, 1974
  12. Bureau of Land Management Projects, Part I
  13. Bureau of Land Management Projects, Part II

Box 21C: Folders

  • Federal Register, Friday, January 16, 1981 and Friday, December 19, 1980
  • The Stratigraphy, Physiography, and Structural Geology of the Dryhead-Garvin Basin, South Central Montana, May 1957
  • Bureau of Land Management and the Environment
  • Prairie Potholes Environmental Impact Statement, August 1982
  • Prairie Potholes Environmental Impact Statement, March 1981
  • Prairie Potholes Environmental Impact Statement, September 1981
  • Series 21: Calendars

    This box contains different special calendars from 1979 to 1986, including Crow calendars. Some contain pictures of Joe’s family such as Joy Yellowtail Toineeta and the artist Ms. Penni Ann Cross who was adopted by Bill and Ferol Pease.

    Box 22: Folders

    1. National Congress of American Indians, Year of the Native American 1986
    2. 1987 Calendar
    3. Order Form of Calendar for Joe Medicine Crow
    4. 1984 Bilingual Education Calendar Dedicated to Joy Yellowtail Toineeta
    5. 2 copies Plains Indian Calendar 1980 Special Limited Commemorative Edition
    6. 1981 Bilingual Education Calendar
    7. 1985 Montana Bilingual Education Calendar
    8. 1986 Appointment Calendar, Association on American Indian Affairs, Inc.
    9. 1984 January, The Old West of Roy Lee Ward
    10. 1981 Native American Calendar, Penni Ann Cross (Artist)
    11. 1983 Native American Calendar, Penni Ann Cross (Artist)
    12. 1982 Native American Calendar, Penni Ann Cross (Artist)
    13. 1985 Crow Calendar (Angela Russell)
    14. 1984 Crow Calendar (Angela Russell)
    15. 1983 Crow Calendar (Angela Russell)
    16. 1982 Crow Photograph Calendar, Angela Russell (2) copies
    17. 1981 Crow Photograph Calendar, Angela Russell
    18. 1980 Crow Photograph Calendar, Angela Russell (3) copies
    19. 1979 Crow Calendar, Angela Russell

    Series 22: All American Indian Days (Box 23)

    In this series is material from the All American Indian Days (AAID) Pageant, which was held in Sheridan, Wyoming. Joe Medicine Crow was master of ceremonies for many years. This is his collection of pictures and booklets from the pageant which tell of its origin and the impact it made on the Sheridan, Wyoming people. The photographs and newspaper clippings are housed in a different box (complete newspapers may be found in the Sheridan Wyoming Library).

    Box 23: Folders

    1. Poster 1960 (Large) Sheridan, Wyoming
    2. Miss Indian America- Louise Sheryl Edmo, 1973 Booklet
    3. Notebook, Miss Indian America #15
    4. Miss Indian America Board Meeting Minutes From Various Years
    5. Miss Indian America Photographs
    6. Miss Indian America I, Arlene Josephine Wesley, 1954 Booklet
    7. Miss Indian America, Mary Louise Defender, 1955 Booklet
    8. Miss Indian America III, Rita Ann McLaughlin, 1956 Booklet
    9. Miss Indian America IV, Sandra Mae Gover- 1956 Booklet
    10. Miss Indian America U, Ruth Dee Larson, 1960 Booklet
    11. Miss Indian America, Sarah Ann Johnson, 1968 Booklet
    12. Miss Indian America XVII, Virginia Stroud, 1970 Booklet
    13. Miss Indian America XXII, Deana Jo Harragarra
    14. Miss Indian American XXIII, Kristine Rayola Harvey, 1975 Booklet
    15. Miss Indian America, XXIV, Gracie Ann Walsh, 1977 Booklet
    16. Miss Indian America XVI, Winona Margery Harvey, 1969 Booklet
    17. Miss Indian America XXVII, Jerilyn E. LeBeau, 1982 Booklet
    18. Miss Indian America XVIII, Nora Begay, 1972 Booklet
    19. Award, Joe Medicine Crow, All American Indian Days, 1975
    20. Letter from WHK, 1956
    21. Miss Indian America, Business Meetings, Agendas, and Schedules